The World Health Assembly 2015 passed a very important and wide-ranging resolution on the Ebola epidemic. Here is the background.
The World Health Organization (WHO), the health organization of the UN system, consists of the Secretariat (located in Geneva, in six regional offices and in around 150 country offices) and the member states. The Secretariat is managed by the Director-General, currently Dr Margaret Chan. Every May, delegates from all member states gather in Geneva for the 8 day World Health Assembly (WHA), the supreme governing body of the WHO.
The Executive Board (EB) and Ebola
It started in January when the Executive Board of the WHO held a special session on Ebola. The Secretariat had prepared two important background reports, one on the current status and challenges of the epidemic and one on ways to improve WHO’s capacity to prepare for and respond to future large-scale and sustained outbreaks and emergencies. In addition, several information documents guided the EB.
The EB passed a resolution on several aspects of the Ebola epidemic, including a request to the Director-General «to commission an interim assessment, by a panel of outside independent experts, on all aspects of WHO response». (This Ebola Interim Assessment Panel was appointed on March 9 and immediately started its work.)
Before the WHA, on April 16, WHO issued a leadership statement on the Ebola response and WHO reforms.
At the World Health Assembly (WHA)
At the start of the 68th WHA in May 2015, Dr Chan held her opening remarks, where Ebola was an important theme. The special guest, Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany, dedicated much of her address to Ebola.
Ebola was discussed in several sessions at the WHA and also in several side-events. The basis of the discussions was several documents, in particular the Secretariat’s main report on the outbreak, the Secretariat’s proposal for a contingency fund for WHO’s outbreaks and health emergencies, and the Secretariat’s proposed plan for a global health emergency workforce. (These two initiatives – a contingency fund and an emergency workforce – were originally proposed in 2011 by the IHR Review Committee on the 2009 Pandemic Influenza.)
One important background was also the first report from the Ebola Interim Assessment Panel, dated May 8.
The WHA concluded with passing a wide-ranging resolution on Ebola, deciding inter alia to request an IHR Review Committee on Ebola to be appointed, supporting the Secretariat’s plan for an emergency response programme, including a global health emergency workforce, and creating a contingency fund for use in WHO’s initial response to outbreaks and emergencies with health consequences. (The International Health Regulations – IHR – is an agreement between WHO Member States on the prevention and control of international spread of public health threats.)
Several reports are under way.
First, look out for the final report of the Ebola Interim Assessment Panel, expected in July 2015. [Update 7 July 2015: The final report.]
Then, in August, a new Ebola IHR Review Committee will meet for the first time and start preparing their report, scheduled for the WHA in May 2016.
In December, the UN High-level Panel on the Global Response to Health Crises, will give its report to the Secretary-General of the UN.
A non-WHO initiative, the Independent Panel on the Global Response to Ebola, will probably also inform the debate, with their report probably ready by late 2015 or early 2016.
In January 2016, the Executive Board will meet. Ebola will again be an important agenda item. The discussions at the EB will prepare the discussions of Ebola at the 69th WHA in Geneva in May 2016. Here, the Director-General will report on the progress of reforming the work and culture of WHO in emergencies with health consequences, and establishing clear command and control across the WHO, as well as the contingency fund and emergency workforce.
Find more documents and links on Ebola in our Ebola collection.
Updated 7. July 2015 with link to final report of Interim Assessment Panel.
Photography by WHO/Violaine Martin.